(3 Ways) How To Advertise A (BGP Default Route) In Cisco Switches

In the world of network routing, Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) stands as a cornerstone. Among its many facets, the concept of the BGP default route is particularly significant.

This article aims to provide a comprehensive exploration of all configuration options related to BGP default routes. Also, providing practical examples in a LAB demo.

BGP Default Route Overview

Datacenters typically use default routes in two different cases:

  • Direct the remote-site routers at the edge of the data center network in order to send all packets toward the data center’s core, with the core routers knowing more specific routes.
  • Direct traffic on all data center routers toward the Internet-facing router to reach Internet destinations.

Data center or Enterprise network with default routes pointing to the ISP facing router.

In Cisco NX-OS, we can inject the default route into BGP using one of the following:

  • The network 0.0.0.0/0 command.
  • The redistribute with default-information originate commands.
  • The neighbor’s default-originate command.

Default Route Using The Network Command

When injecting a default route into the BGP table using the network 0.0.0.0/0 command, a default route (0.0.0.0/0) should exist in the local routing table (RIB).

The default route can be learned through any means, but if it’s removed from the routing table, BGP withdraws it from the BGP table (RIB). We can populate the routing table with a static default route pointing to null 0.

Default Route Using The Redistribute Command

Injecting a default route through the redistribute command requires the default-information originate address-family BGP command.

The default route must first exist in the routing table (RIB) using either IGP or static routing. Then, You can use a static default route to null0. After that, use the redistribute static route-map command to redistribute the static default route.

Default Route Using the Neighbor Default-Originate Command

Using this method, the BGP router doesn’t add the default route into the local BGP table; instead, it causes the advertisement to the specified neighbor (BGP peer).

neighbor a.b.c.d
      address-family ipv4 unicast
          default-originate [route-map route-map-name]

By default, this method doesn’t check if the default route exists in the routing table.

The referenced route map examines the entries in the IP routing table (not the BGP table). Therefore, if a route map permit clause is matched, the default route is advertised to the neighbor. So, the route map can be used to track the default route or any other route in the local routing table to be used as a condition for the advertisement.

BGP Default Route LAB Demo in Cisco NX-OS

The video below demonstrates the three BGP default route configuration methods in Cisco Nexus switches:

Conclusion

In conclusion, we can inject the default route into BGP using one of the following:

  • The network 0.0.0.0/0 command.
  • The redistribute with default-information originate commands.
  • The neighbor’s default-originate command.

References:
Configure BGP to Advertise a Default Route on Nexus Switches

I hope this article was useful. For comprehensive content, refer to my CCIE Data Center (v3.1) – BGP Udemy course.
Feel free to leave a comment or a question.

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